RDE Publication


             The ASSCAT Research and Development Journal is the official research journal of Agusan del Sur State College of Agriculture and Technology. The journal is published annually. For paper submission, the paper must be an original copy, about 5,000 words, single-spaced, and with tables and figures. The research abstract must have 250 words and at least 5 key words or phrases. 


Manuscript Preparation


  1. Organize the paper following these major headings: Title, Author(s) and Address (es), Abstract, Introduction, Materials and Methods for experimental study or Methodology for non-experimental study, Results and Discussion, Conclusions, and Literature Cited. The Literature Cited should substantially consist of articles published in current content-covered or peer-reviewed journals. Minimize citations of unpublished reports and theses.


  1. Type the entire manuscript single-spaced on a short white bond paper (8.5×11 in) on one side only using a Times New Roman font size of 11. References, Table Titles, and Figure Legends should be typed single-spaced. Number consecutively all pages including title page, figures, and tables. Leave two spaces before and after the major headings and two spaces before and after the sub-headings. Do not use footnotes rather you can use end-notes if the discipline need such.


  1. Spell out acronyms or unfamiliar abbreviations when these are mentioned for the first time in the text.


  1. Write the scientific names of species completely with author(s) when it is first mentioned in the text and without author in succeeding references. Scientific names should be written in italics or bold face.


  1. Do not spell out numbers unless they are used to start a sentence.


  1. Use the metric system only or the International System of Units. Use abbreviations of units only beside numerals (e.g. 6 m); otherwise, spell out the units (e.g. kilometers from here). Do not use plural forms or periods for abbreviations of units. Use the bar for compound units (e.g. 1 kg/ha/yr). Place a zero before the decimal in numbers less than 1 (e.g. 0.25).


  1. When preparing Tables and Figures, consider the journal’s printed page of 5.75 in x 8.5 in and the reduction that will be necessary. Titles of Tables and Captions of Figures should be as short as possible and understandable without referring to the text. Captions of Figures should be typed single-spaced in a separate sheet. Figures should consist only of simple line drawings, computer-generated graphics or good quality black and white photographs. Label of Figures should be of such a size so that these are still legible even after reducing the size by as much as 50%. Use preferably Adobe Photoshop CS, Adobe Indesign CS and or PDF computer-generated graphics.


  1. Cite references in the text as author (year). Writing of et al. in the list of references/ literature cited is discouraged but instead authors are mentioned; references in press as (author, in press) and unpublished reference as (author, unpubl. data or author, pers. comm.). If two or more references are cited, arrange them by year.


  1. Manuscript should be as concise as the subject and research method permit, generally not to exceed 5,000 words, single-space.


  1. To promote anonymous review, authors should not identify themselves directly or indirectly in their papers or in experimental test instruments included in the submission. Single authors should not use the editorial “we”.


  1. A cover page should show the title of the paper, all authors’ names, titles and affiliations, email addresses, and any acknowledgements.



    •  Pagination: All pages, including tables, appendices and references, should be serially numbered. Major sections should be numbered in Roman numerals. Subsections should not be numbered.


    • Numbers: Spell-out numbers from one to ten, except when used in tables and lists, and when used with mathematical, statistical, scientific, or technical units and quantities, such as distances, weights and measures.


    • Percentage and Decimal Fractions: In non-technical copy, use the word percent in the text.


    • Hyphens: Use a hyphen to join unit modifiers or to clarify usage. For example: a cross sectional equation; re-form. See Webster’s for correct usage.


    • Keywords: The abstract must be followed by at most 5 keywords to assist in indexing the paper and identifying qualified reviewers.


    • Data Availability: A line immediately following the Keyword identifiers should indicate whether the data are available. An abstract of about 250 words should be presented on a separate page immediately preceding the text. The Abstract should concisely inform the reader of the manuscript’s topic, its methods, and its findings. Keywords and the Data Availability statements should follow the Abstract. The text of the paper should start with a section labelled Introduction,” which provides more details about the paper’s purpose, motivation, methodology, and findings. Both the Abstract and the Introduction should be relatively non-technical yet clear enough for an informed reader to understand the manuscript’s contribution. The manuscript’s title but neither the author’s name nor other identification designations, should appear on the Abstract page.


    • Documentation Citations: In-text citations are made using an author-year format. Cited works must correspond to the list of works listed in the “Literature Cited” section.
      1. In the text, works are cited as follows: author’s last name and year, without comma, in parentheses. For cited works that include more than one work by an author (or same co–authors) that is published in the same year, the suffix a, b, etc., is to follow the date in the within-text citations and in the “Literature Cited” section.


      1. When the author’s name is mentioned in the text, it need not be repeated in the citation. Citations to institutional works should use acronyms or short titles where practicable. If the paper refers to statutes, legal treatises, or court cases, citations acceptable in law reviews should be used.
    • Conclusion: Conclusion should briefly answer the objectives of the study. They are not repetitions of the discussions but are judgments of the results obtained.


    • Literature Cited: Every manuscript must include a “Literature Cited” section that contains only those works cited within the text. Each entry should contain all information necessary for unambiguous identification of the published work. Use the American Psychological Association Manual of Style, for language and literature; Campbell and Turibian for philosophy, history and religion. Since this journal is multidisciplinary, the use of a different style format that is relevant to a particular discipline is allowed. Submission of manuscripts by authors should note the following guidelines:


      1. Manuscripts currently under consideration by another journal or publisher should not be submitted. The author must state upon submission that the work has not been submitted or published elsewhere.


      1. If the additional documentation (e.g. questionnaire, case, interview schedule) is sent as a separate file, then all information that might identify the authors(s) must be deleted from the instruments for manuscripts reporting on field surveys or experiments.


      1. Manuscripts should be submitted via email as Microsoft Word or PDF file to the Editor at email address: asscatrdjournal@gmail.com. Please submit separate files for (1) the manuscript’s title page with identifying information (not forwarded to reviewers), (2) the manuscript with title page and all other identifying information removed, and (3) any necessary supplement files such as experimental instructions and/or response memoranda on invited revisions. A copy of the research questionnaire or tools is encouraged for submission. The editors and the reviewers need to refer to these tools. Revisions must be submitted within 2 months from the decision letter inviting a revision.


      1. Vital information is available at this Website: www.asscat.edu.ph. The ASSCAT Research and Development Journal welcomes submission of comments on previous articles. Comments on articles previously published in the ASSCAT Research and Development Journal will generally be reviewed by two reviewers, usually an author of the original article (to assist the editor in evaluating whether the submitted comment represents the prior articles accuracy) and an independent reviewer. If a comment is accepted for publication, the original author will be invited to reply. All other editorial requirements, as enumerated above, apply to proposed comments.


Policy on Reproduction


           ASSCAT Research and Development Journal is a multidisciplinary journal aims to promote wide dissemination of the results of systematic scholarly inquiries into the broad field of agriculture, engineering, education and other related fields.

           Permission is hereby granted to reproduce any of the contents of the ASSCAT R and D Journal for instructional use as long as the source and copyright are indicated in any such reproductions. Written application must be made to the ASSCAT R and D Journal, Bunawan, Agusan del Sur, Philippines, for permission to reproduce any of the contents other than for instructional use – e.g., inclusion in books of readings or in any other publications intended for general distribution. In consideration for the grant of permission, the applicant must notify the author(s) in writing of the intended use to be made for each reproduction. Normally, Agusan del Sur State College of Agriculture and Technology will not assess a charge for the waiver of copyright. Except when otherwise noted in articles that the copyright interest has been transferred to the ASSCAT R and D Journal. Where the author(s) has (have) not transferred the copyright to the ASSCAT R and D  Journal, applicants must seek permission to reproduce (for all purposes) directly from the author(s).        

            Authors must be given at least one complimentary copy of the published journal.